Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS

Our CCBS database includes more than 11,000 abstracts of publications. Perform your own detailed search of TLC/HPTLC literature and find relevant information.

The Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS contains all abstracts of CBS issues beginning with CBS 51. The database is updated after the publication of every other CBS edition. Currently the Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service includes more than 11'000 abstracts of publications between 1983 and today. With the online version you can perform your own detailed TLC/HPTLC literature search:

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      132 061
      Role of succinyl substituents in the mannose-capping of lipoarabinomannan and control of inflammation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
      Z. PALČEKOVÁ, A. ANDRÉS OBREGÓN-HENAO, K. DE, A. WALZ, H. LAM, J. PHILP, S. KUMAR ANGALA, J. PATTERSON, C. PEARCE, S. ZUBEROGOITIA, C. AVANZI, J. NIGOU, M. McNEIL, J.F. MUÑOZ GUTIÉRREZ, M. GILLERON, W.H. WHEAT, M. GONZALEZ-JUARRERO, Mary JACKSON* (*Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA;

      PLoS Pathogens 19(9), e1011636 (2023). Samples were total lipid extracts from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mycobacteriaceae) either wild-type (1), or a mutant strain knock-out for the gene of succinyl-transferase (sucT) (2), or addback bacteria obtained through plasmide transformation of the wild-type sucT gene into the mutant (3). Development on TLC silica gel layers with chloroform – methanol – water 65:25:4. Derivatization by spraying with cupric sulphate (A) or with α-naphthol (B), followed by heating above 100°C. The following lipids were detected with both reagents (as brown spots on blue background with (A) or as purple spots on yellowish background for (B)) in all strains, without significant quantitative variations: cardiolipin, and acylated phosphatidyl–myo-inositol mannosides.

      Classification: 11c
      132 010
      Establishment of anti-asialo-GM1 rabbit monoclonal antibodies capable of reducing natural killer cell activity in mice
      T. KIMURA*, S. OHTA, H. MURAYAMA (*Diagnostic Division, Yamasa Corporation, Choshi, Chiba, Japan;

      PLoS ONE 18(10), e0292514 (2023). Samples were 8 glycolipids, either sialylated or not; the two main examples were monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1) and gangliotetraosylceramide (= asialo-GM1 = ASGM1). TLC on silica gel with chloroform – methanol – water – acetic acid 300:200:30:1, followed by air-drying. Visualization of glycolipids by spraying 5-methylresorcinol solution (0.2 % in 2 M sulfuric acid), followed by 5 min heating at 110°C. For immunostaining, underivatized chromatograms were immersed into a blocking gel (1% gelatin, 1% polyvinylpyrrolidone and 1mM EDTA in phosphate-buffered saline solution (PBS)), followed by immersion into a solution of monoclonal (50 ng/mL) or polyclonal (1:1,000) anti-ASGM1 antibodies purposedly produced in rabbits. After 1h reaction at room temperature, the layers were washed thrice with T-PBS (0.05 % Tween 20 in PBS) and horseradish-peroxidase-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG (1:40,000) was added. After washing thrice with T-PBS, the TLC sheets were incubated in substrate solution (tetramethylbenzidine). Blue spots indicated the glycolipids bound by the antibody. In this TLC assay, each of the five monoclonal antibodies (as well as the polyclonal serum) was specific to ASGM1 (unsialylated), whereas in ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) at the same concentrations three of them displayed partial cross-reactivity towards GM1, GM3 or GD1b, which are sialylated glycolipids. 

      Classification: 4e, 10b, 11
      132 058
      In vitro antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of thiosemicarbazones based on (–)-camphene and R-(+)-limonene in human melanoma cells
      P. R. OTAVIANO SOARES, D. C. SOUZA PASSOS, F. MOREIRA da SILVA, A.P. B. da SILVA-GIARDINI, N. PEREIRA COELHO, C.M. ALVES de OLIVEIRA, L. KATO, C.C. da SILVA, Lidia GUILLO* (*Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil;

      PLoS ONE 18(11), e0295012 (2023). TLC on silica gel to monitor the synthesis of 15 new camphene-based thiosemicarbazones produced by the reaction of camphene thiosemicarbazide either with benzaldehydes, or with acetophenones, or with one of the following molecules: benzophenone, cinnamic aldehyde, ethyl pyruvate, furaldehyde, menthone, pyrrole carboxaldehyde or thiophene-carboxaldehyde. Development with n-hexane – ethyl acetate 3:7 in the case of benzaldehydes, except vanillin; or 7:3 for the vanillin derivative and all others, followed by visualization of products with resublimated iodine. The aldehyde used for compound 15 is in fact vanillin.

      Classification: 4e, 7, 8b, 15a, 17c, 23e, 24
      132 007
      Boosting the stability of β-galactosidase immobilized onto soy-protein isolate-glutaraldehyde-functionalized carrageenan beads
      Marwa I. WAHBA* (*Centre of Scientific Excellence – Group of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt;

      3 Biotech 13, 32 (2023). Samples were the products of transgalactosylation operated by β-galactosidase immobilized on modified carrageenan beads in a solution of lactose. Raffinose, a trisaccharide, was used as standard. TLC on silica gel with n-propanol – water 17:3. Detection of galacto-oligosaccharides by spraying naphthol reagent (50 mg α-naphtol in 95 mL ethanol and 5 mL sulfuric acid), followed by heating. The target zones from unsprayed layers were further extracted with methanol using a TLC-MS interface into a quadrupole MS (flow rate 0.2ml/min, positive and negative electrospray ionization (ESI), m/z range 10–1200). Galactose oligomers were found, from trimers to hexamers (heptamers were observed when the reaction time was beyond 3 hours).

      Classification: 4e, 10a, 20
      131 010
      A novel agarase, Gaa16B, isolated from the marine bacterium Gilvimarinus agarilyticus JEA5, and the moisturizing effect of its partial hydrolysis products
      Y. LEE, E. JO, Y.-J. LEE, T.-Y. EOM, Y. GANG, Y.-H. KANG, S. D. MARASINGHE, S. A. HETTIARACHCHI, D.-H. KANG, Chulhong OH* (*Jeju Marine Research Center, Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology, Gujwa-eup, Jeju, Korea;

      Marine Drugs 20(1), 2 (2022). Samples were the products of partial vs. complete hydrolysis of agar by rGaa16Bc, a recombinant form of agarase Gaa16B from Gilvimarinus agarilyticus (Cellvibrionaceae) overexpressed in Escherichia coli. D-galactose (G) and its oligomers (neoagarobiose (NA2), neoagarotetraose (NA4), neoagarohexaose (NA6)) were used as standards. TLC on silica gel with n-butanol – acetic acid – water 2:1:1. Visualization by spraying orcinol reagent (50 mg orcine monohydrate in 100 mL acetone and 8 mL sulfuric acid), followed by 10 min heating at 110° C. The observed patterns showed the apparition of NA6 and NA4 among the hydrolytic products already after 20 min reaction, whereas NA4 and NA2 were the main products after over-night complete hydrolysis.

      Classification: 4e, 10a
      131 003
      Development of a high-performance thin-layer chromatography method for the quantification of alkyl glycerolipids and alkenyl glycerolipids from shark and chimera oils and tissues
      M. PAPIN, C. GUIMARAES, B. PIERRE-AUE, D. FONTAINE, J. PARDESSUS, H. COUTHON, G. FROMONT, K. MAHÉO, A. CHANTÔME, C. VANDIER*, M. PINAULT (*Nutrition, Growth and Cancer INSERM UMR 1069, University of Tours, Tours, France;

      Marine Drugs 20(4), 270 (2022). Samples were ether glycerols (EG) purified: (A) from Chimaera monstrosa liver oil (Chimaeridae); (B) from mixed liver oil of sharks Centrophorus squamosus (Centrophoridae) and Somniosus microcephalus (Somniosidae); (C) from Macaca fascicularis hearts (Cercopithecidae); (D) from tumors obtained by grafting in mice the human melanoma cell line MDA-MB-435s, and (E) from periprostatic adipose tissue of men with prostate cancer. Reduction of (phospho)ester glycerolipids into EG and fatty alcohols was part of the purification process. Octadecyl-glycerol and octadecenyl-glycerol were used as standards of alkyl- and alkenyl-glycerols, respectively. HPTLC on silica gel previously developed with chloroform – methanol 1:1, air-dried and activated for 30 min at 110° C. Application under nitrogen stream (6 bar). Development with petroleum ether – diethyl ether – acetic acid 60:140:1. After 2 h drying at room temperature under ventilation hood, visualization by 50 s immersing into sulfuric acid (7 % in ethanol), followed by 2 h drying under air-stream, and 14 min heating at 140° C. Plates were documented under white light illumination and densitometry was performed by computered scanning of the pictures. Alkyl-glycerols (mean hRF 34, LOQ 1235 ng/band) and alkenyl-glycerols (mean hRF 44, LOQ 2352 ng/band), present in all samples (except alkenyl-glycerols in shark oil), were quantified after method validation for specificity, sensitivity, accuracy, precision and repeatability. Linearity range was 1000 ng – 7000 ng for both EG types. To confirm the band identification, samples and standards were also submitted to acidic hydrolysis before HPTLC application. In this case, the bands of alkenyl glycerols did not appear, because chlorhydric acid reacted with the vinyl ether bonds to form glycerol and aldehydes.

      Classification: 4d, 4e, 9, 11c, 32f
      131 002
      Bioassay-guided fractionation leads to the detection of cholic acid generated by the rare Thalassomonas sp.
      F. PHEIFFER, Y. K.-H. SCHNEIDER, E. H. HANSEN, J. HAMMER ANDERSEN, J. ISAKSSON, T. BUSCHE, C. RÜCKERT, J. KALINOWSKI, L. van ZYL, Marla TRINDADE* (*Institute for Microbial Biotechnology and Metagenomics, Department of Biotechnology, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, Cape Town, South Africa;

      Marine Drugs 21(1), 2 (2023). Samples were methanol extracts of cultivated marine bacteria Thalassomonas actiniarum, T. viridans and T. haliotis (Colwelliaceae),  as well as cholesterol, cholic acid, and deoxycholic acid as standards. TLC on silica gel with n-hexane – ethyl acetate – methanol – acetic acid 20:20:5:2. After drying at room temperature, visualization by spraying with phosphomolybdic acid (10 % in ethanol) and heating with a heat-gun. For isolation of cholic acid (hRF 80), present in all samples, preparative TLC on silica gel with the same mobile phase, the corresponding band was scraped off with a surgical blade and extracted with methanol overnight. The isolated cholic acid was identified by LC-MS.

      Classification: 13c, 13d
      130 141
      Two-dimensional high-performance thin-layer chromatography for the characterization of milk peptide properties and a prediction of the retention behavior – a proof-of-principle study
      M. TREBLIN, T. VON OESEN, L.-C. CLASS, G. KUHNEN, I. CLAWIN-RÄDECKER, D. MARTIN, J. FRITSCHE, S. ROHN* (*Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Institute of Food Technology and Food Chemistry, Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany;

      J Chromatogr A 1653, 462442 (2021). Samples were peptides obtained through tryptic hydrolysis of the 5 most abundant milk proteins: α-lactalbumin (α-LA), β-lactoglobulin (β-LG), α-, β- and κ-casein (CA). As standards, synthetic whey and pea (Pisum sativum, Fabaceae) peptides (selected based on the in silico tryptic digest of α-LA, β-LG, legumin A, and vicilin with one or zero miscleavages) were only used in the last assay for prediction of the RF values of peptides with known amino-acid (AA) sequences. Two-dimensional HPTLC on silica gel (pre-washed with methanol and activated 10 min at 100°), first with basic mobile phase sec-butanol – pyridine – ammonia – water 39:34:10:26, and (after 12h drying) in the orthogonal direction with acidic mobile phase sec-butanol – pyridine – acetic acid – water 11:8:2:5. Derivatization for peptides and proteins by immersion into fluorescamine (0.05 % in acetone); visualization under UV 254 nm and 365 nm. Computer-assisted determination of the x- and y-coordinates of the derivatized zones. Repeatability (n=8) of the 2D-HPTLC was statistically tested with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normal distribution and with Dixon’s Q test for outliers. Relative standard deviation (RSD) for the RF values was 12.9 % for the first dimension (y-coordinates) and 16.5 % for the second dimension (x-coordinates). According to their higher intensity and sharpness, 15 – 20 detected zones from each protein hydrolyzate were selected, manually scraped from the derivatized layer, dissolved in formic acid solution (0.1 % in acetonitrile – water 3:2), mixed with an equal volume of matrix (dihydroxybenzoic acid 2 % in acetonitrile – water 3:7), crystallized on air on a ground steel target, before being desorbed by the laser beam of the MALDI-TOF-MS/MS (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry). Direct hyphenation of HPTLC to MS was not performed, to avoid zone diffusion during plate coating with the matrix and to circumvent the stronger binding of polar peptides on the layer.  The MS spectra were acquired in positive reflector mode in m/z range 340 – 4000 (10 – 2500 for fragments), using an external peptide as calibration standard. Identification of 51 from the 85 selected peptides according to AA sequences was performed, using software programs allowing m/z calculation of protein fragments and estimation of cleavage sites. Correlation of the retention behaviour of the peptides with their properties (molecular weight MW, isoelectric point IEP, charges, polarity) was tested with Student’s two-sided t-test after calculation of Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The correlation was significant with IEP, percentages of anionic AA and of non-polar AA; but not with the following properties: MW, percentages of cationic AA and of uncharged polar AA. Finally, based on the correlation results, regression formulas were found to calculate the x- and y-coordinates of any known peptide from the percentage of non-polar AA (or vice-versa). The prediction power of these formulas was verified by repeating the complete 2D-HPTLC-MS experiment with the standard peptides of whey and of peas, and measuring the absolute and relative deviations between the actual x- and y-coordinates and the predicted values. The absolute deviations were higher in the lower RF zones. The average, relative RF value deviations (range 22.1 – 25.7 %) were not different between whey and pea peptides.

      Classification: 2c, 2d, 4e, 18b, 19, 32e