Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS

Our CCBS database includes more than 11,000 abstracts of publications. Perform your own detailed search of TLC/HPTLC literature and find relevant information.

The Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS contains all abstracts of CBS issues beginning with CBS 51. The database is updated after the publication of every other CBS edition. Currently the Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service includes more than 11'000 abstracts of publications between 1983 and today. With the online version you can perform your own detailed TLC/HPTLC literature search:

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      130 002
      An improved method for a fast screening of α-glucosidase inhibitors in cherimoya fruit (Annona cherimola Mill.) applying effect-directed analysis via high-performance thin-layer chromatography-bioassay-mass spectrometry
      (*Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile;,

      J Chromatogr A, 1608, 460415 (2019). Samples were acetonitrile extracts of Annona cherimola fruit peel, pulp and seeds (Annonaceae), as well as caffeic acid as standards. HPTLC on silica gel with chloroform – ethyl acetate – propanol 21:2:2 for peel extracts, with chloroform – methanol 9:1 for seed extracts. Derivatization by spraying Dragendorff’s reagent for alkaloids, secondary amines and non-nitrogenous oxygenated compounds.  Effect-directed assay was performed for inhibitors of α-glucosidase. Before sample application, plates were developed with enzyme substrate (2-naphthyl-α-D-glucopyranoside 0.1 % in methanol) and dried 20 min at 60 °C. Then, samples were applied and separated, and mobile phase was removed by heating 10 min at 60 °C. The chromatogram was sprayed with 4 mL enzyme solution (5 unit/mL in 100 mM phosphate buffer,  pH 7.4), liquid excess was removed under lukewarm air stream, the plate was incubated 10 min at 37 °C in a moisture box, followed by spraying chromogenic reagent Fast Blue salt B 0.1 % in water, giving after 2 min white inhibition bands visible on purple background under white light. Plate image was documented under illumination (reflectance mode) with white light. The bands of 3 inhibiting compounds were analyzed in a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. 1) Full scan mass spectra (m/z 50−1000) in the positive ionization mode were recorded using electrospray ionization (ESI, spray voltage 3 kV, desolvation line temperature 250 °C, block temperature 400 °C) for compounds directly eluted with methanol – acetonitrile through the oval elution head of a TLC-MS interface pump. 2) Compounds were also isolated (either eluted directly from the plate into a vial through the same interface, or scraped from the plate and extracted with methanol – chloroform into a vial), dried, and submitted to HPLC-DAD-MS/MS; MS-MS spectra were recorded in the same conditions, using argon as collision gas and collision cell voltages from -20 and -40 V. Inhibitors were identified as phenolamides (phenylethyl cinnamides): moupinamide (hRF 66 in peels, 56 in seeds), N-trans-feruloyl phenethylamine (hRF 76 in peels), N-trans-p-coumaroyl tyramine (hRF 44 in seeds).

      Classification: 4d, 4e, 7, 17c, 32e
      129 041
      Inherent stability testing of empagliflozin in the presence of metformin HCl by HPTLC and characterization of degradation products of empagliflozin by LC–ESI–QTOF–MS/MS
      V. VICHARE*, V. CHOUDHARI, V. TAMBE, S. DHOLE (*PES Modern College of Pharmacy (for Ladies), Moshi, Pune, Maharashtra, India,

      J. Planar Chromatogr. 35, 61-71 (2022). HPTLC of empagliflozin (1) in the presence of metformin HCl (2) on silica gel with toluene - methanol - ammonia - glacial acetic acid 72:26:1:1. Quantitative determination by absorbance measurement at 230 nm. The hRF values for (1) and (2) were 15 and 48, respectively. Linearity was between 11 and 112 ng/zone for (1) and 85 and 850 ng/zone for (2). Interday and intra-day precisions were below 2 % (n=3). The LOD and LOQ were 0.6 and 1,7 ng/zone for (1) and 5 and 15 ng/zone for (2), respectively. Recovery was found to be in the range of 99.4-101.0 % for (1) and 100.3-101.4 % for (2). Degradation products were characterized by liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionizationquadrupole-time of flighttandem mass spectrometry (LCESIQTOFMS/MS).

      Classification: 8b, 17c
      129 050
      Simultaneous quantification of brexpiprazole and sertraline HCl in synthetic mixture by thin‑layer chromatography method
      S. VAHORA, U. CHHALOTIYA*, H. KACHHIYA, J. TANDEL, D. SHAH (*Indukaka Ipcowala College of Pharmacy, Beyond GIDC, P.B. No. 53, Vitthal Udyognagar, Gujarat 388 121, India,

      J. Planar Chromatogr. 34, 549-557 (2021). HPTLC of brexpiprazole (1) and sertraline HCl (2) on silica gel with n-propanol - hexane - toluene - triethylamine 70:20:10:1. Quantitative determination by absorbance measurement at 254 nm. The hRF values for (1) and (2) were 36 and 47, respectively. Linearity was between 4500 and 15000 ng/zone for (1) and 90 and 300 ng/zone for (2). Interday and intra-day precisions were below 4 % (n=3). The LOD and LOQ were 163 and 495 ng/zone for (1) and 35 and 107 ng/zone for (2), respectively. Recovery was between 99.5 and 101.1 % for (1) and 99.4 and 102.0 % for (2).

      Classification: 17a, 23e
      128 013
      High-performance thin-layer chromatography with atmospheric solids analysis probe mass spectrometry for analysis of gasoline polymeric additives
      M. BEAUMESNIL, A. MENDES, M. HUBERT, C. LOUTELIER, C. AFONSO*, A. RACAUD, Y. BAI (Normandie Univ, COBRA, Université de Rouen, INSA de Rouen, CNRS, IRCOF, 1 rue Tesnière, 76821, Mont-Saint-Aignan Cedex, France,

      Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 34, 8755 (2020). HPTLC of a synthetic formulated gasoline (diluting polypropylene glycol and polyisobutylene succinimide polyamine surfactant at a mass ratio of 1 % in gasoline) on silica gel with methanol - toluene 2:3. Detection under UV light. Samples were scratched for analysis by atmospheric solids analysis probe mass spectrometry (ASAP-MS).

      Classification: 17c, 37a
      128 037
      Rapid determination of histamine level in seafood using read-out strips based on high-performance thin layer chromatography modified with self-visualization nanomaterials
      Y. ZHANG (Zhang Yiming), J. YU (Yu Jinsheng), S. LAI (Lai Shuyu), J. SONG (Song JIan), X. WU (Wu Xiaomei), D. WANG (Wang Dingnan), L. PANG (Pang Lonjiang)*, T. CHAI (Chai Tinhting) (*School of Agriculture and Food Science, Zhejiang A & F University, Hangzhou, 311300, People’s Republic of China,

      Food Control. 122, 107816 (2021). HPTLC of histamine in fish samples on a silica gel read-out strip coated with a ninhydrin@TiO2 complex (0.1 M titanium butoxide and 5 % ninhydrin as precursors) as self-visualization nanomaterial in the histamine target zone (hRF value of 24). Samples were developed using n-butanol - acetone - ammonia 20:5:2. Detection after heating at 80 °C for 30 s. Linearity was between 15 and 320 mg/kg. The LOD for histamine was 5 mg/kg. 

      Classification: 17a
      127 005
      Utilization of a crown ether/amine‐type rotaxane as a probe for the versatile detection of anions and acids by Thin‐Layer Chromatography.
      S. MIYAGAWA, M. KIMURA, S. KAGAMI, T. KAWASAKI, Y. TOKUNAGA* (*Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Fukui, Bunkyo, Fukui, Japan;

      Chem. Asian J. 15(19), 3044-3049 (2020). The studied rotaxane combines a dibenzocrown of 8 ethers (DB24C8) with an axle chain (Ax) containing two amines, one of them in an aniline group, allowing stability of the rotaxane even when the other one is unprotonated. TLC on silica gel in 4 steps, with detection under UV light or after derivatization with phosphomolybdic acid in ethanol. (1) Before the synthesis of the rotaxane, unprotonated Ax was isolated by preparative TLC of the protonated Ax obtained by addition of HCl or toluenesulfonic acid (TsOH); the mobile phases were chloroform – methanol 10:1 and toluene – tetrahydrofurane 3:2, respectively. The isolated molecules were confirmed as totally unprotonated Ax by NMR, suggesting a complete loss of HCl and TsOH on the silica gel layer. (2) After synthesis, unprotonated rotaxane, pure vs. monoprotonated by the addition of 10 different acids (and purified by column chromatography CC), was applied on TLC plates and developed with dichloromethane – acetone – water 3:16:1; the hRF values were very different, depending on the counter-anions from the used acids. (3) The same behavior (except with sulfuric acid) was observed under the same conditions when CC was omitted (unprotonated rotaxane samples were mixed with each of the acids, or with two acids at the same time for acid-competitive TLC analysis). (4) When unprotonated rotaxane was applied under the same conditions as in step (3) with the sodium salts instead of the acids, the behavior was similar (except for the shapes of the spots, due to the salts in excess). The rotaxane can thus be used for the TLC separation and detection of sodium salts, by forming salts of protonated rotaxane with the anion afforded by these sodium salts. The rotaxane protonation seems to be promoted by the methanol of the spotting mixture; indeed, when step (3) was performed with the mobile phase chloroform – methanol 10:1, a second zone appeared because methanol formed a salt with the rotaxane (identified by NMR).

      Classification: 4e, 5a, 5b, 17a
      127 046
      Fate of tris(2‑chloroethyl)amine in water and alkaline environment determined by thin‑layer chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry
      T. ROZSYPAL (Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Defence Institute, University of Defence, Vita Nejedleho 691, 68203 Vyskov, Czech Republic,

      J. Planar Chromatogr. 33, 669-677 (2020). HPTLC of tris(2-chloroethyl)amine (HN-3) on silica gel with benzene - methanol - triethylamine 425:75:1. Detection by spraying with derivatization reagent (2mg/mL of KMnO4 with 4 mL of H3PO4). The method allowed to study the influence of pH on the degradation of HN-3 and the triethanolamine rate of appearance.

      Classification: 17a
      126 028
      Development and validation of stability indicating chromatographic methods for simultaneous determination of citicoline and piracetam
      M. ABDELRAHMAN, A. AHMED*, M. OMAR, S. DERAYEA, N. ABDELWAHAB (*Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Nahda University, 62514, Beni-Suef, Egypt,

      J. Sep. Sci. 43, 2981-2988 (2020). HPTLC of citicoline (1) and piracetam (2) in presence of their degradation products on silica gel with methanol - chloroform - ammonium chloride buffer 9:1:2. Quantitative determination by absorbance measurement at 230 nm. The hRF values for (1) and (2) were 15 and 85, respectively. Linearity was between 0.2 and 4 µg/zone for both (1) and (2). Intermediate precision was below 2 % (n=3). The LOD and LOQ were 56 and 180 ng/zone for (1) and 53 and 170 ng/zone for (2), respectively. Average recovery was 100.9 % for (1) and 99.8 % for (2).

      Classification: 17c