Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS

Our CCBS database includes more than 11,000 abstracts of publications. Perform your own detailed search of TLC/HPTLC literature and find relevant information.

The Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service CCBS contains all abstracts of CBS issues beginning with CBS 51. The database is updated after the publication of every other CBS edition. Currently the Cumulative CAMAG Bibliography Service includes more than 11'000 abstracts of publications between 1983 and today. With the online version you can perform your own detailed TLC/HPTLC literature search:

  • Full text search: Enter a keyword, e.g. an author's name, a substance, a technique, a reagent or a term and see all related publications
  • Browse and search by CBS classification: Select one of the 38 CBS classification categories where you want to search by a keyword
  • Keyword register: select an initial character and browse associated keywords
  • Search by CBS edition: Select a CBS edition and find all related publications

Registered users can create a tailor made PDF of selected articles throughout CCBS search – simply use the cart icon on the right hand of each abstract to create your individual selection of abstracts. You can export your saved items to PDF by clicking the download icon.

      128 093
      High-throughput enzyme inhibition screening of 44 Iranian medicinal plants via piezoelectric spraying of planar cholinesterase assays
      E. AZADNIYA, I. THOMÄ, J. BAAKE, Gertrud E. MORLOCK* (*Institute of Nutritional Science, and TransMIT Center for Effect-Directed Analysis, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany;

      Journal of Chromatography B, 1184, 122956 (2021). Test for acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase (AChE and BChE) inhibition without development of piperin (standard inhibitor of AChE and BChE) and ethanol – water (3:2) extracts of Iranian plants, on HPTLC silica gel prewashed twice with methanol – water 3:2 and dried 60 min at 120°C. After sample application the plate was immersed (speed 3.5 cm/s, time 2 s) into enzyme solution (6.6 units/mL AChE or 3.3 units/mL BChE in TRIS buffer 0.05 M, with bovine serum albumin 0.1 %, pH 7.8), incubation 25 min at 37°C and immersion (speed 3.5 cm/s, time 1 s) into chromogenic substrate solution (α-naphthyl acetate 0.1 % and Fast Blue salt B 0.2 % in ethanol – water, 1:2). Seven mobile phases were tested for the active samples. Best separation was obtained with toluene – ethyl acetate – formic acid – water 4:16:3:2 and with toluene – ethyl acetate – methanol 6:3:1. Before enzymatic assay, plates developed with acidic mobile phases were neutralized by spraying 3 mL citrate phosphate buffer (Na2HPO4 8 %, citric acid q.s. ad pH 7.5) followed by 10 min of automatic drying. Enzymatic assay was performed using a piezoelectric spraying device: a) pre-wetting by spraying 1 mL TRIS buffer (0.05 M, pH 7.8); b) spraying 3 mL of the enzyme solution; c) incubation 25 min in a humid box at 37°C; d) spraying 0.5 mL substrate solution; e) 5 min drying at room temperature, and then 10 min of automatic drying. By spraying, zone shift and zone diffusion, which occurred with plate immersion, were avoided. For development control, derivatization was done by piezoelectrically spraying 4 mL of sulfuric anisaldehyde reagent (anisaldehyde – sulfuric acid – acetic acid – methanol, 1:10:20:170), followed by heating 3 min at 110°C. For identification of zones of interest, direct elution with methanol from underivatized HPTLC plates through a TLC-MS interface directly to a MS. Identified zones were 3-O-acetyl-β-boswellic acid (triterpenoid) from Boswellia carteri gum-resin (Burseraceae), pimpinellin and psoralen (furocoumarins) from Heracleum persicum flowers (Apiaceae), oleuropein (seco-iridoid) from Olea europaea leaves (Oleaceae), harmine, harmaline, vasicine, deoxyvasine (alkaloids) from Peganum harmala seeds (Zygophyllaceae), costic acid (sesquiterpene) from Nardostachys jatamansi hypocotyl (Valerianaceae), elaidic, linoleic, palmitic, palmitoleic acids (fatty acids) from Pistacia atlantica fruits (Anacardiaceae).

      Classification: 4e, 8b, 11a, 15a, 22, 32e
      128 089
      Effect-directed profiling of 32 vanilla products, characterization of multi-potent compounds and quantification of vanillin and ethylvanillin
      Gertrud E. MORLOCK*, M. BUSSO, S. TOMEBA, A. SIGHICELLI (*Institute of Nutritional Science, and TransMIT Center for Effect-Directed Analysis, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany;

      J Chromatogr. A, 1652, 462377 (2021). Samples were vanilla tinctures, water − ethanol − ethyl acetate 1:1:1 extracts of vanilla-flavored food products and of natural Vanilla sp. (Orchidaceae) pods, oleoresin, paste and powders, as well as calibration standards of vanillin (1) and ethylvanillin (2). HPTLC on silica gel with n-hexane – ethyl acetate 1:1 for profiling, 3:2 for quantification. Other mobile phases were also tested and given in the supplement. Compounds (1) and (2) (hRF 68 and 82, respectively) were quantified by absorbance densitometry (at maximal wavelength 310 nm, deuterium lamp, scanning speed 10mm/s). Contents were found to be between 1 μg/g and 36 mg/g for (1) and null for (2) except in one tincture (62 µg/mL). Derivatizations performed for five assays: A) to detect radical scavengers, immersion (speed 3 cm/s, time 5 s) into DPPH• (0.5 mM in methanol), followed by drying for 90 s at room temperature and 30 s at 60 °C; B) to detect activity against Gram-negative bacteria, immersion (speed 2 cm/s, time 3 s) into Aliivibrio fischeri suspension, followed by recording the bioluminescence; C) to detect activity against Gram-positive bacteria, immersion (speed 3.5 cm/s, time 6 s) into Bacillus subtilis, followed by incubation 2 h at 37 °C, immersion in MTT solution, incubation for 30 min at 37 °C and heating for 5 min at 50 °C; D) to detect acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors, immersion (speed 2.5 cm/s, time 2 s) into AChE solution (666 units in TRIS buffer 0.05M, with bovine serum albumin 0.1 %, pH 7.8), incubation for 25 min at 37 °C and immersion into substrate solution (α-naphthyl acetate 0.1 % and Fast Blue salt B 0.18 % in ethanol – water, 1:2; E) to detect tyrosinase inhibitors, spraying with enzyme solution (400 unit/mL, in phosphate buffer 0.02 M, pH 6.8), followed by 2 min drying, immersion into substrate levodopa (18 mM in phosphate buffer, pH 6.8), 10 min incubation at room temperature and drying. For identification, zones of interest were transferred with methanol from underivatized HPTLC layer through a TLC-MS interface and a filter frit directly to a Quadrupole-Orbitrap MS (heated electrospray ionization, probe heater at 270°C, spray voltage 3.5kV, lock masses acetic acid for negative, dibutyl phthalate for positive ionization, mode full HR-MS scan in m/z range 50–750). Afterwards, the following substances assigned by MS were confirmed by using HPTLC comparison with standards: (1) and (2), vanillyl alcohol, vanillic acid, ethyl vanillyl ether, coumarin, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-methoxybenzoic acid, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 4-allyl benzoic acid, oleamide, triacetin.

      Classification: 4e, 7, 8b, 32e
      128 048
      Cholestasis impairs hepatic lipid storage via AMPK and CREB signaling in hepatitis B virus surface protein transgenic mice
      K. IRUNGBAM, M. RODERFELD, H. GLIMM, F. HEMPEL, F. SCHNEIDER, L. HEHR, D. GLEBE, Y. CHURIN, G. MORLOCK, I. YÜCE, Elke ROEB* (*Department of Gastroenterology, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany;

      Nature - Lab. Invest. 100, 1411–1424 (2020). Samples were chloroform – methanol 1:1 solutions of lipid standards and of liver tissue extracts from wild-type mice (1), from transgenic murine models of hepatic steatosis (2) (mice expressing HBs, hepatitis B virus surface protein), or of cholestasis (3) (mice totally knock-out for the gene of phospholipid translocator ABCB4, ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 4), or of both (4) (hybrids of mice (2) and (3)). HPTLC on silica gel (preheated at 110°C for 15 min) with n-hexane – diethyl ether – acetic acid 20:5:1. (A) For qualitative analysis, visualization under white light after immersion into anisaldehyde 0.5 % (in sulfuric acid – acetic acid – methanol, 1:2:17), followed by heating at 110°C for 9 min. (B) Identification of lipids was confirmed by elution of the zones of interest with methanol from the HPTLC layer through a TLC-MS interface and a filter frit directly to a quadrupole-orbitrap MS (atmospheric pressure chemical ionization, full HR-MS scan in m/z range 100–1000). (C) For quantitative analysis, visualization at UV 366 nm after derivatization by immersion into primuline reagent (primuline 0.5 g/L in acetone – water 4:1); fluorescence was measured at UV 366 nm (mercury lamp, optical filter for wavelengths above 400 nm, scanning slit 6.0 mm × 0.2 mm, speed 20 mm/s). (A) and (B) allowed the separation and detection of cholesterol, cholesteryl oleate, methyl oleate, free fatty acids (FFA, expressed as oleic acid equivalents) and triacylglycerols (TAG, as triolein equivalents) in liver extracts. (C) showed that TAG was decreased and FFA increased in (3) and (4), compared to (1) and (2). Cholesterol and cholesteryl oleate had no significant changes between groups.

      Classification: 4e, 11a, 11c, 13c
      128 005
      Quaternion-based parallel feature extraction: Extending the horizon of quantitative analysis using TLC-SERS sensing
      Y. ZHAO (Zhao Yong), A. TAN (Tan Ailing), K. SQUIRE, K. SIVASHANMUGAN, A. WANG (Wang Alan)* (*School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA,

      Sens. Actuators. B. Chem. 299, 126902 (2019). TLC-surface-enhanced Raman scattering (TLC-SERS) of melamine contaminated milk samples on silica gel with acetone - chloroform - ammonia 14:1:4. Then 2 μL gold nanoparticle were drop onto the analyte spot. Quantification using a Raman microscope equipped with a CCD detector to acquire the surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectra. Excitation wavelength was 785 nm. A parallel representation model of the triple-spectral data was constructed using a pure quaternion matrix. Quaternion principal component analysis (QPCA) was utilized for feature extraction and followed by feature crossing between the quaternion principal components to obtain final fusion of spectral feature vectors.

      Classification: 4e
      128 014
      Applications of direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry in food analysis: A review
      X. ZHANG (Zhang Xiaoping), A. REN (Ren Xiang), K. CHINGIN* (*Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and Instrumentation, East China University of Technology, Room 804, Science & Technology Building, 418 Guanglan Road, Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province 330013, China,

      Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 35, 9013 (2021). Review of the application of direct analysis in real time (DART) combined with mass spectrometry (MS) detection in food science and industry published in the period from 2005 to this date. The applications described the use of HPTLC in preparation methods as well as the combination of HPTLC fingerprints and DART-MS with multivariate data analysis for the differentiation of natural propolis products.

      Keywords: HPTLC review
      Classification: 1b, 4e
      128 085
      (Progress in the application of the technique of thin-layer chromatography (TLC) combined with surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectroscopy (SERS) (Chinese)
      ZH. SHEN (Shen Zhengdong), X. KONG (Kong Xianming)*, Q. YU (Yu Qing), ZH. YANG (Yang Zhanxu) (*Sch. of Petrochem. Engin., Liaoning Petrochem. Univ., Fushun 113001, Liaoning, China, xmkong@lnpu. edu. Cn)

      J. Spectroscopy & Spectral Anal. 41 (2), 388-394 (2021). SERS, as a fast and sensitive analytical technology, is widely employed in the fields of analytical chemistry, environmental detection and food safety. However, the real-life samples are mostly mixtures, and an accurate determination of the analytes in complex samples cannot be performed directly by using SERS. TLC as a separation technique is easy to operate, low cost, fast and high-throughput, and has been widely used in the fields of synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and food science. Further, the zones isolated by TLC are first visualized using iodine vapor coloring or fluorescence, and then combined with SERS for efficient qualification and quantitation of the zones of interest. Therefore, the technology of TLC combined with SERS (TLC/SERS) suits rightly for determination of various kinds of complex samples. Moreover, due to the small sample size and the relatively simplicity of the experimental equipment used, it is also suitable for the rapid field screening and detection of relatively complex samples. Introduction of the enhancement mechanism of SERS and the preparation of the active substrate, and demonstration of the broad prospects of TLC/SERS application in the fields of environmental pollutant analysis, food safety monitoring, traditional Chinese medicine and biomedicine identification etc by providing a set of successful application examples.


      Classification: 4
      128 049
      High-throughput planar solid-phase extraction coupled to orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry via the autoTLC-MS interface for screening of 66 multi-class antibiotic residues in food of animal origin
      A. MEHL, L. SCHMIDT, L. SCHMIDT, Gertrud MORLOCK* (Chair of Food Science, Institute of Nutritional Science, and Interdisciplinary Research Center, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen, Germany,

      Food Chem. 351, 129211 (2021). High-throughput planar solid-phase extraction of 66 multi-class antibiotic residues in muscle tissue, cow milk and chicken eggs on silica gel with acetonitrile - methanol - ammonia 5:3:2 as first front-elution up to 85 mm followed by a second front-elution in the reverse direction up to 25 mm with acetonitrile -water - ammonia 9:7:4. Evaluation under UV 254 nm and 366 nm. Detection of macrolides by spraying with p-anisaldehyde sulfuric acid reagent (methanol - glacial acetic acid - sulfuric acid - p–anisaldehyde 420:50:26:3), followed by heating at 110°C for 3 min. Detection of penicillins by spraying with ninhydrin reagent (500 mg ninhydrin in ethanol - glacial acetic acid 23:2). Detection of lincosamines by spraying with aniline diphenylamine o-phosphoric acid reagent (2 g diphenylamine in methanol – o-phosphoric acid - aniline 90:10:1). Via simple clicks on the image, the auto TLC-MS interface automatically eluted the target zones at the trace level from the TLC plate into a Q Exactive Plus Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer.

      Classification: 4e, 28a
      128 051
      Multivariate regression and artificial neural network to predict phenolic content in Schinus terebinthifolius stem bark through TLC images
      R. THAIS DE MORAES, M. ARAUJO, P. ANDRADE, M. ASSUNCAO, W. PINHEIRO, L. LIRA (*Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences – UFPE, Av. Arthur de Sa, Varzea, Recife PE 50740-521, Brazil,

      J. Liq. Chromatogr. Relat. Technol. (2021). HPTLC of gallic acid in the stem bark of Schinus terebinthifolius on silica gel with toluene - ethyl acetate - formic acid - methanol 15:15:4:1. The plates were scanned at 254 nm and 366 nm. The hRF value for gallic acid was 43. Image features were acquired using a combination of two approaches: Haralick texture features and Zernike moments. The GNU OctaveVR software was used to set the architectures of the Artificial Neural Network. The mathematical data provided by the image analysis was correlated with the gallic acid content determined by HPLC. The method allowed the prediction of phenolic content through TLC plate images.

      Classification: 4c, 7